Radioactive isotopes used in absolute dating

By looking at the chart you can figure out what elements can reasonably be made from others using neutron bombardment.

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Fancy chemicals and molecules are different because they use different combinations of elements, but elements and isotopes are different from each other because they have different numbers of protons and neutrons in their nuclei.There are basically three ways to change the number of protons and neutrons in the nucleus of an atom. To date we’ve managed to fuse deuterium (hydrogen) into helium, which is the easiest fusion there is, even then just barely, and only to useful effect in the middle of very big bombs.With its focus on the ancient past, archaeology somewhat resembles paleontologythe study of fossils of long-extinct animals, such as dinosaurs.However, archaeology is distinct from paleontology and studies only past human life.The archeological record encompasses every area of the world that has ever been occupied by humans, as well as all of the material remains contained in those areas.

Archaeologists study the archaeological record through field surveys and excavations and through the laboratory study of collected materials.Alchemists back in the day, being unaware of these sorts of things, got very excited about lead-to-gold stuff, philosopher’s stones, and life from nothing.Many of them were legit scientists of the day, so we legit scientists of today have inherited a lot of their symbols and short-hand (though not their methods, by and large).This would add a neutron, which changes some of the sample into platinum 197, which would then execute a β decay has a half-life of about 20 hours, so once you irradiate your platinum you only have to wait a few days before extracting the trace amounts of gold from your sample.There’s also an isotope of mercury, mercury 196, that can be turned into gold (it’s above and two to the left from gold 197).Bombardment is how plutonium is manufactured from uranium.